The Mekong River Commission (MRC) is an intergovernmental organisation that works with the governments of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam to manage the shared water and related resources of the Mekong River for the sustainable development of the Mekong region. It is founded by the Mekong Agreement of 1995, building on previous cooperation through the Mekong Committee established in 1957.
Hence with more than 60 years of experience, the MRC serves today as a unique platform for water diplomacy and regional cooperation in which Member Countries share the benefits of common water resources. It also acts as a regional knowledge hub on water resources management that helps to inform decision-making processes based on scientific evidence. Overall, the MRC is an established organisation with a clear mandate, procedures, strategies, guidelines and knowledge products that help ensures the Mekong is utilised for the countries’ benefits and the peoples’ well-beings.
The MRC Summit is convened every four years, bringing together political leaders to address the prevailing challenges and opportunities facing the Mekong Basin. It is an opportunity for the Heads of Governments of the four MRC Member Countries to revisit the commitments made four years earlier, and agree on strategies for the future and beyond.
Three summits were held to date – the first in 2010, hosted by the Kingdom of Thailand in Hua Hin, and the second in 2014, hosted by the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam in Ho Chi Minh City and the third in 2018, hosted by Kingdom of Cambodia in Siem Reap. Ministerial representatives from MRC Dialogue Partners, China and Myanmar, participated in the three Summits.